Eggs are one of nature’s most perfect foods. They are extremely nutrient dense and very versatile. You can eat them for breakfast, lunch or dinner or snacks. Anyway you crack them, eggs will deliver you the best source of protein you can find.
Eggs contain all the essential amino acids needed by the human body. Both the yolk and the albumen (the white part) contain the protein, however there is a bit more protein in the white part. Eggs contain all the important vitamins with the exception of vitamin C. They contain all the B vitamins, and are particularly rich in vitamins B12 and B2 (riboflavin), folate, and fat-soluble vitamins A, D and E. Eggs also contain many of the minerals needed by the human body, especially iodine. Iodine is required to make the thyroid hormones. Eggs also contain phosphorus which is required for bone health. They also contain selenium, zinc, and iron.
There are many different types of eggs, brown, white, jumbo, small… how do you know what kind to buy? Believe it or not, the shell color has nothing to do with the nutritional quality of the eggs. The eggshell color is determined by the breed of the hen. Some hens lay white eggs, some lay brown and some even lay green eggs! Hens that lay the brown eggs tend to be a larger breed, so the eggs usually sell for a greater price since it costs more to feed these hens.
The color of the yolk depends on what the hen has been given to eat. Corn feed hens tend to produce a darker yolk, while wheat fed hens produce a lighter yellow yolk. The color of the yolk does not alter the nutritional value of the egg. The yolk has most of the vitamins in it, while the white past carries most of the protein. Eggs come in all kinds of sizes from small to extra large. Most recipes call for large eggs so it’s good to have these on hand.
The quality and freshness of the eggs is determined by its’ grading. Only grade A eggs are sold for consumption. Although they are graded A or AA, there is not much difference between the two. What to look for in eggs are the sell by date and how they are stored. You want them to be refrigerated. Also, always open the carton to see if any of the eggs are cracked.
Eggs are one of nature’s best foods. Don’t be afraid to eat them for any meal. Carry a couple hard boiled eggs with you for the perfect snack to keep your hunger at bay.